Sundarbans National Park : Visit the famous national park in West Bengal, explore the wildlife species and book wildlife safaris and nature walks.

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   Wild India » National Parks in India » Sundarbans National Park
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Sundarbans National Park

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« Sundarbans Wildlife Tour Package 05 Days
Attractions : Bengal Tigers, Birds, Elephant Safari.
Destinations : Kolkata - Sunderbans - Kolkata. ...

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« South India Wild Life Tour 15 Days
Attractions : Tigers, Birds, Elephant Safari, Jeep Safari...
Destinations : Chennai - Trichy - Madurai - Periyar...
Tiger, Sundarbans National ParkSunderbans National Park is the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world

Why Sundarbans
The Sundarbans National Park lies in the south-east of Kolkata in the 24-Paraganas District of West Bengal and forms part of the Gangetic Delta, close to the Bay of Bengal. The Sundarbans National Park was given the status of a National Park on 4 May 1984. Before this it was been declared as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1977. It was been designated as the core area of Sundarbans Tiger Reserve in December 1973. Sunderbans National Park was inscribed on the World Heritage List in year 1985.

The vast swampy delta of the two great Indian rivers, Brahmaputra and the Ganges stretches over areas consisting of mangrove forests, swamps and forest island all creating a chain of small rivers and streams. The Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal is home of the Royal Bengal Tiger. The Sundarban region has derived its name from the Sundari trees, once found in large number here.
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Key Factors
State : West Bengal in the eastern part of India.
Climate : Rainfall is heavy and humidity high (80% on average) due to the proximity of the Bay of Bengal. The monsoon usually lasts from mid-June until mid-September, after which fair weather prevails until mid-March. Mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures recorded are 34°C and 20°C, respectively. Storms are very common in May and October-November, sometimes developing into cyclones which are usually accompanied by tidal waves and cause much loss of life and damage to property and the forests
Area : 1330.10 sq-km.
Travel Tips : Know about the place well before you start your trip. For Foreigners certain permits are required to visit the Tiger Projects & Sajnekhali. Contact the Secretary, West Bengal Forest Department, Kolkata for the same. Collect the permit for a visit to other areas of the Sundarbans from the Field Director, Sundarbans Tiger Reserve.
Best Time to Visit : September and May.
Nearest Town : Gosaba (50 km).

Get There
Sundarbans is accessible by air, rail and road. But, as the entire place is a network of river tributaries, you have to take boat ride to visit the remote areas of the park. Bost is the best bet to explore the park extensively.
Crocodile, Sundarbans National Park
International Airport : Kolkata
Airport : nearest airport at Kolkata, at 112 km.
Railways : Canning is nearest railhead (48 km).
Road : Road transportation is available from Kolkata for Namkhana (105-kms), Sonakhali (100-kms), Raidighi (76-kms), Canning (64-kms), and Najat (92-kms), which are all near the Sunderbans and have access to the riverine waterways.
Water : Sundarbans are approachable only by riverrine waterways. Motor launch facilities are available from Namkhana - Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project- Sagar Island -Jambudwip; from Sajnekhali - Sudhanyakhali-Buridabri- Netidhopan-Holiday Island; from Sonakhali - Gosaba; from Raidighi - Kalas.

Stay There
Sundarbans Wildlife Sanctuary is close to the metropolis of Kolkata in West Bengal in India. You will find numerous categories of accommodation near the Sundarbans. If you are looking for a luxurious accommodation then, stay in Kolkata, as this city has wide range of accommodations for its tourists from all over.
Nearby Wildlife Lodges
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Venture Into The Sundarbans
The best and only means of travelling the park is to hire a boat and float down the various lanes formed by the many flowing rivers. You can hire one from the locals in the area or one of the two luxury launches - M.V. Chitrarekha and M.V. Madhukar, operated by the tourism department. If you are in search of a luxury tour, then hire - M.V. Chitrarekha, which offers all the basic facilities required by the tourists, including overnight accommodation. And, if you are looking for the local boats then you will get then at Canning, Gosaba and Basanti. The luxury launches starts their journey only from Canning.

As you cruise through the world's largest estuarine mangrove forest in Sundarbans you come across numerous (54) small islets, networked by many tributaries of the mighty rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra, which finally flow out at the southern tip into the Bay of Bengal.

The entire trip will leave some exceptional memory in your mind as your invade through the swamp, littoral forests, mangrove scrub forest, salt water mixed forest, brackish water mixed forest and alluvial grasslands. The dense and huge forest reserve of Sundarbans has also been classified as a World Biosphere Reserve. Some of the more commonly found plants and trees in the park are Genwa, Dhundal, Passur, Garjan, Kankra and Goran.
Royal Bengal Tiger, Sundarbans National Park
The Fauna
The Sundarbans forest inhabits more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers in this saline and aqua surroundings and are extremely good swimmers. The animal stock of the Sundarbans is quite varied. As you thrive to get a single glimpse of the Royal Bengal Tiger you will have a meeting with - Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Common Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chitals, etc. on the way.

The Avifauna
The climatic conditions at the park creates an ideal habitat for the resident as well as the foreign birds of numerous variety. You will be enthralled to find some of the popular birds in this region. The inviting - Open Billed Storks, White Ibis, Water Hens, Coots, Pheasant Tailed Jacanas, Pariah Kites, Brahminy Kites, Marsh Harriers, Swamp Partridges, Red Jungle Fowls, Spotted Doves, Common Mynahs, Jungle Crows, Jungle Babblers, Cotton Teals, Herring Gulls, Caspian Terns, Gray Herons, Brahminy Ducks, Spotted Billed Pelicans, Large Egrets, Night Herons, Common Snipes, Wood Sandpipers, Green Pigeons, Rose Ringed Parakeets, Paradise Flycatchers, Cormorants, Fishing Eagles, White Bellied Sea Eagles, Seaguls, Common Kingfishers, Peregrine falcons, Woodpeckers, Whimprels, Black-Tailed Godwits, Little Stints, Eastern Knots, Curlews, Golden Plovers, Pintails, White Eyed Pochards and Whistling Teals will make your trip to Sundarbans extremely delightful.
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The Aquafauna & The Reptiles
Some of the fish and amphibians found in the parks are Saw Fish, Butter Fish, Electric Rays, Silver Carp, Star Fish, Common Carp, Crabs, Prawn, Shrimps, Gangetic dolphins, Skipping Frogs, Common Toads and Tree Frogs. The number of reptiles is excellent here that are found within its complex. Some of the most commonly seen are - Olive Ridley Turtles, Sea Snakes, Dog Faced Water Snakes, Green Turtles, Estuarine Crocodiles, Chameleons, King Cobras, Salvator Lizards, Hard Shelled Batgun Terrapins, Russels Vipers, Mouse Ghekos, Monitor Lizards, Curviers, Hawks Bill Turtles, Pythons, Common Kraits, Chequered Killbacks and rat Snakes

Extend the Trip to Himalaya from Sundarbans National Park Additional Punch
The nearest attractions are - Sajnakhali Sanctuary (famous for its rich avian population), Netidhopani (ruins of a 400 year old temple), Bhagabatpur, Kanak, Haliday Island, Piyali, Kaikhali Island. Since, Sundarbans is close to Kolkata, it would be a good opportunity for you to visit this city of joy. Visit the amazing Victoria Memorial in Kolkata. The home to several Nobel Prize Winners, Kolkata boasts of a unique culture and cuisine. You can also extend your trip to Darjeeling in the northern part of West Bengal. Darjeeling is one of the most ideal halt for the nature seekers amidst snowy mountains.

Extend the Trip
Dwelling in the lap of the Himalaya is Sikkim, the neighbouring state of West Bengal. Sikkimis the most perfect destination for the adventure seekers. You can engage in trekking, hiking, mountaineering, rock climbing, snow mountaineering, river rafting, kayaking and canoeing.

Few Difficulties
You might face some language problem while speaking to the local people, as the local people here speaks Bengali. Also, you might not find your choice of food in the remote areas, if you are not used to Indian food.

Few Suggestions
Know about your travel routes before starting. Confirm the accommodation facilities. Carry some winter clothes if you are planning to visit Sikkim. Avoid the months of May and October-November, as these months are stormy, which sometimes develop into tidal waves and cyclone.
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